Hypothyroidism is a difficult case to find out and women and people over 60 are more prone to it. It gets even more important because the thyroid gland affects the entire body hence making the symptomatic diagnosis a difficult task.  You are more susceptible to hypothyroidism if you have any of these:..

  1. 1.       Pregnant or have had a delivery in the past six month period
  2. 2.       Have a history of thyroid gland problems
  3. 3.       Have an autoimmune disease such as lupus, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, anemia etc.
  4. 4.       If your thyroid gland is removed
  5. 5.       If you have received a radiation therapy for thyroid, chest, or neck
  6. 6.       If you have Turner syndrome

Following are few symptoms of hypothyroidism; look out for these as they can help you get an early diagnosis. Constipation, hard stools etc. can also indicate Hypothyroidism as lack of thyroid hormone can slow down the processes of the body, digestion included. As the condition progresses you may experience increased sensitivity to cold as metabolism decreases, you may also experience fatigue and People who have lesser Thyroid hormone are more at risk of developing sleep apnea and anemia which is also a reason for fatigue. In females, lack of this hormone can lead to irregular periods and infertility issues; sometimes it can also lead to heavy menstrual flow. Men with prolonged hypotension can have reduced libido, ejaculation and erection issues.

Hypothyroidism can make your nails brittle or can cause fingernails to detach from the nail plate.  In addition, it can also lead to hair loss, weak brittle and dry hairs. A pallid complexion can also be a result of Hypothyroidism even though it is not a confirmatory parameter. If you have a combination of these symptoms then you must go and get your thyroid checked.

Treatment:

Levothyroxine (Levothyroxine) 50mcg tablet is the most effective therapy used for the effective management of Hypothyroidism. This drug is a synthetic analog of naturally occurring thyroid hormone; it is used as an alternative to making up for the deficiency of the natural hormone. This medication is given in the case of Hypothyroidism where the thyroid gland is insufficient in producing enough thyroid hormone. This drug has equally potent remedial effects in managing other thyroid disorders such as goiters and thyroid cancer.     

Levothyroxine is generic which imparts its effects by copying the action of endogenous thyroid hormone Thyroxine (T4). This drug after getting metabolized gets converted into its active metabolite known as a T3 hormone. It is this hormone that replaces and refills the deficiency of natural Thyroxine and treats the symptoms of underactive thyroid. 

Levothyroxine is an oral preparation meant to be ingested with water. Take this drug on an empty stomach, a half hour ahead of eating; take it with a glassful of water. The drug takes about 4 to 6 weeks to exert its response. The dose of this medication is mostly calculated on an individual basis and the dose presented here is not an alternative to doctor’s prescription. The available dosing strength is Levothyroxine 25mg. The most preferred dose for the management of Hypogonadism is 100 to 125 mcg Levothyroxine taken each day for a 70 kg adult.

 See Also: - For Hypothyroidism Synthroid is the Best Medicine

A few side effects that can affect a few of the users of this medication are:

  1. 1.                   A headache
  2. 2.                   Muscle weakness
  3. 3.                   Leg cramp
  4. 4.                   Diarrhea
  5. 5.                   Skin rash
  6. 6.                   Nervousness

 Preventive measures to make this therapy more conducive:

  1. 1.       It is yet not known whether this medication can affect the fetus or a breastfeeding baby. Low Thyroxine level can be hazardous for both, the mother and the baby though, have a thorough discussion with your doctor about using this medication in case of pregnancy or while nursing a child.  
  2. 2.       Do not give this drug to a child unless asked by the doctor. This drug should not be taken by anyone below 6 years of age. 

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